Global Health Security Index

The Global Health Security Index ( provides a comprehensive framework for assessing a country s capability to prevent and mitigate epidemics and pandemics in 195 countries The GHS Index prioritizes not only countries capacities, but also the existence of functional, tested, proven capabilities for stopping outbreaks at the source
The GHS Index also includes indicators of nations capacities and capabilities to reduce Global Catastrophic Biological Risks, which are biological risks of unprecedented scale that could cause severe damage to human civilization at a global level

Structure and Computation:

  • The GHS Index comprises 34 indicators, and 85 sub indicators grouped under 6 categories:
  • Prevention: Prevention of the emergence or release of pathogens
  • Detection and Reporting: Early detection and reporting for epidemics of potential international concern
  • Rapid Response: Rapid response to and mitigation of the spread of an epidemic
  • Health System: Sufficient and robust health system to treat the sick and protect health workers
  • Compliance with International Norms: Commitments to improving national capacity, financing plans to address
    gaps, and adhering to global norms.

Risk Environment: 

Overall risk environment and country vulnerability to biological threats.

The overall score 0 100 for each country is a weighted sum of the six categories Each category is scored on a scale of 0 to 100 in which 100 represents the most favorable health security conditions and 0 represents the least favorable conditions Each category is normalized on the basis of the sums of its underlying indicators and sub indicators, and a weight is then applied

Overall Score & Rank

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Score & Rank by Category

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